Monday, 17 September 2012

Classroom Language (for Teachers)

Teaching at a school having billingual program requires the use of English in almost every moment of speaking, especially during the teaching and learning process in/out of the classroom. Unfortunately, most teachers find it difficult to use English in their classrooms. Therefore, in this post I'll share some expressions that can be used during the teaching and learning process. Check it out! :)

1. Opening the Lesson

Start your lesson by calmly greeting your students, asking their condition and their activities at home. Some useful expressions in this stage are:
a. How are you doing, students?
b. Did you have a good weekend?
c. Did you study last night?

2. Defining Aims

Defining the aims of your lesson at the day will help students prepare themselves for material and activities they may get and face during the teaching and learning time. You can simply define your aims using these espressions:
a. By the end of the lesson, you will be able to .... (write an invitation; classify living creatures; make a presentation slide)
b. At the end of the lesson, you are expected to .... (deliver a speech; memorize three new verses of Surah Al-Baqoroh; conduct a class discussion)

3. Talking about the Lesson

 This is the main part of the teaching and learning process in/out of the classroom. This part is divided into the stage to tell about the upcoming activities and the one to explain the subject material. These are the expressions you can use during your "show":
- explaining the activities
a. We are going to learn about quantity and unit.
b. First, we are going to discuss the definition.
c. Then, I want you to work in group.
d. Half way through the lesson, we will have a practice to deliver a speech.
e. When we have finished, perhaps we will have a quiz.
- explaining the lesson
a. The definition of unit is ....
b. The examples of quantity are ....
c. Quantities are divided into two groups; the base quantity and the derived quantity.
d. In summary/To sum up, there are two kinds of quantity, they are ... and ....

4. Giving Instructions and Questions

Most of the time in the teaching and learning process is used to give instructions for students. The instructions can be related to the lesson or not. Some common instructions given to the students are:
a. Listen to me!
b. Attention, please!
c. Repeat after me!
d. Open your book page 56 and do the questions number 1-5!
e. Make a group of four and practice the dialogue!
f. Come forward!
g. Hand in/Submit/Collect your work!
h. Read the text carefully and underline the difficult words!
i. Go to the board!
j. Clean the board!
k. Describe the definition of quantity!
l. Look at the whiteboard!
m. Don't be noisy! Be quiet! Keep silent!
At another time you may need to give some questions for your students to check their understanding. Here are some expressions you can use:
a. Do you understand?
b. Is there any question? (any question?)
c. Do you get what I mean/say?
d. Any problem?

5. Ending the Lesson

This is the time for you to end and close your class. You may summarize the lesson and give suggestions for your students. Besides, you can also deliver the aim of the lesson for the next meeting.
a. Time's up. That's all our lesson today.
b. We'll meet next week.
c. Don't forget to do your assignment and submit it next Monday.
d. Please review the lesson at home and prepare for the test.
e. Next meeting, we're going to discuss the natural disasters in Indonesia. Please study page 60 at home.